Chronic illness, difficult to cope with

When you have an acute illness such as bronchitis or flu, you know you’ll feel better and be back to normal within a short period of time. This isn’t true with a chronic illness #chronicillness . It may never go away and can disrupt your life in a number of ways.

Chronic illnesses have disease-specific symptoms, but may also bring invisible symptoms like pain, fatigue and mood disorders. It is better to consider them as #invisibledisabilities .

Chronic illness have a variety of effects on your life, physically and mentally 

Physical changes from a disease may affect your appearance. These changes can turn a positive self-image into a poor one. When you don’t feel good about yourself, you may withdraw from friends and social activities leading to #socialisolation . Stress can build and can shape your feelings about life. Long periods of stress can lead to frustration, anger, hopelessness, and, at times, depression. Mood disorders such as #depression and #anxiety are common complaints of people with chronic conditions.

Chronic illness can also influence your ability to work. You might have to change the way you work to cope with morning stiffness, decreased range of motion and other physical limitations. It may affect your #productivity .

Is Mental Disorder A Risk Factor For Dementia

In a population-based study of 1.7 million New Zealand citizens, people with early-life mental disorder were at elevated risk of subsequent dementia and younger dementia onset. Associations were evident across different psychiatric conditions, for Alzheimer disease and all other dementia. It was evident after accounting for preexisting physical diseases and socioeconomic deprivation.

Authors in this this study showed Dementia was over represented among individuals with a mental disorder. The association between mental disorders and dementia was larger than the association between physical diseases and dementia.

A recent commission of dementia experts identified depression among the 12 preventable risk factors most robustly associated with dementia. In Systematic reviews authors have implicated other psychiatric conditions in dementia risk, including anxiety, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder.

Individuals diagnosed with psychotic, substance use, mood, neurotic, and who engaged in self-harm were all more likely than those without a mental disorder to be diagnosed with subsequent dementia. The results were relevant even after accounting for their physical disease histories.

Findings from this study suggests that ameliorating mental disorders in early life might reduce risk of cognitive decline and neurodegenerative disease in later life.

Read the full article here